Why is there iron deficiency during pregnancy?This question starts with the demand for iron during pregnancy ~ The demand for iron, ordinary adult women who are not pregnant are about 15mg (milligrams) per day.
After pregnancy, the expectant mothers increase by 40 ~ 45%because the blood capacity is increased by 40 ~ 45%, and more iron will be added to the additional hemoglobin than the average person needs more iron.In addition, expectant mothers also need to increase the demand for iron 1 to 4 months after the birth of the fetus, and the demand for iron will increase accordingly.
If the iron utilization rate of iron during pregnancy is insufficient, or the iron utilization rate caused by unreasonable meals, it is easy to be deficient in iron deficiency during pregnancy.And in fact, the situation of some pregnant women has been insufficient iron intake from early pregnancy, but because the iron stored in the body can cope with it for a while, it may only appear in the second and third trimester ~
How important is the iron during pregnancy?
Insufficient iron intake during pregnancy can easily lead to iron deficiency or iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women and infants.Iron deficiency or iron deficiency anemia can reduce the resistance of pregnant women, and it is easy to infection in concurrent purse, which has the risk of increasing postpartum bleeding.
It will also increase the risk of premature birth, low birth weight, and childcare cognitive obstacles.Iron deficiency anemia in the third trimester may affect children’s mental development.The iron intake of adequate pregnancy during pregnancy can prevent these adverse effects from occurring.
So how should I do iron?
Food supplement is preferred!The iron in the diet is divided into heme iron and non -heme iron.
于 hemotin iron is stored in animal food, and it is easy to absorb, and the absorption rate can reach 25%.Red meat, poultry and fish are the best sources of dietary iron.
在 Non -hemoglobin iron is stored in plant food, iron -enhanced food and supplement, and most of the absorption rates are below 10%.
(Although the liver is also a good source of iron supplementation, because the vitamin A content is particularly rich, it should not be eaten too much. It is advisable to 1-2 times a week, 20 ~ 50g each time)
Compared with non -pregnancy women during pregnancy, the demand for energy and various nutrients has more demand, especially for various trace nutrients such as calcium, iron, folic acid, and vitamin A.
In order to meet the increase in various nutrients during pregnancy, the food intake during pregnancy increases accordingly, but the diet composition should still be a balanced diet consisting of a variety of foods.
When the food cannot meet their nutritional needs for various reasons, nutritional supplements can be used reasonably under the guidance of a doctor.It can be seen that the needs of nutrients should be obtained from food first.However, when the biochemical examination is serious, the iron can be taken under the guidance of the doctor.
You can also choose some iron, such as iron sulfate, right lattahydrin anhydride iron, roman iron, glucose iron, Yanhoto iron, etc., combined with vitamin C 0.1-0.2g/time to promote the absorption and utilization of iron agents.It is worth noting that the iron -containing drugs cannot be taken with calcium drugs, because the two will affect each other and reduce the effect ~ In addition, the iron can not be taken with tea!