For women, pregnancy is a relatively long process. Doing good care and health care during pregnancy is very critical for preventing diseases. What are the main topics during pregnancy? This is a topic that many people are focusing on.Prevention of pregnancy diseases, here is a detailed introduction to which aspects of examinations need to be done for your reference.
From pregnancy to childbirth, pregnant mothers will go through various pregnancy examinations to observe the health and fetal development in time.Generally, you go to the hospital to confirm whether you are pregnant and specific gestational weeks within 6 to 8 weeks of pregnancy; after that until 28 weeks of pregnancy, every 4 gestational weeks check; increase at 28 ~ 38 weeks of pregnancy to check every 2 weeks; to 38 pregnancy 38After the week, it needs to be checked every week.The first system examination after pregnancy generally includes projects such as anemia examination, blood type examination, hepatitis examination, syphilis examination, rubella examination, urine examination, cervical cytology diagnosis and other items.
Anemia examination judges whether anemia is judged by extracting hemoglobin in the blood.Even before pregnancy, anemia is likely to occur after pregnancy.Because the average blood capacity of pregnant women during pregnancy should increase by 50%, it is not enough to take only from the diet. It is necessary to add an additional 30 mg of iron per day in the form of an iron agent.The amount of iron is relatively reduced within 4 months of pregnancy, and a pregnancy reaction may occur at this time. Therefore, it is recommended to start taking iron after 4 months of pregnancy.
In addition, lack of folic acid not only leads to nutritional large cell anemia, but also cause fetal nervous system malformation.Therefore, folic acid needs to be taken from 1 month before pregnancy to 14 weeks after pregnancy.Especially for pregnant women who have diabetes, or are taking anti -spasms, and pregnant women who have giving birth to a nervous system, taking folic acid can greatly reduce the incidence of malformation of fetal nervous system.
Hepatitis examination, pregnant women have suffered from before, or are currently dying with hepatitis, and the virus may be transmitted to the fetus through blood and secretions.At this time, immunoglobulin needs to be injected.If pregnant women do not have hepatitis antibodies, they need to inject vaccines, and women with hepatitis are best to receive treatment before getting pregnant.
Robella examination, rubella is a disease that is infected by virus, similar to the symptoms of colds, so most of the cases will not be found in the infected rubella.It is best to inject vaccine after pregnancy before pregnancy.The proportion of deformed children with low immunohistor in the early pregnancy infection is 80%. The infected child may also become congenital malformations such as hearing impairment, cataract, heart disease, and developmental disorders.Pregnant women have little effect on the fetus after 6 months of pregnancy, so they don’t have to worry about it.It should be noted that preventing vaccines cannot be injected within 3 months before pregnancy and during pregnancy.Early spring is a period of rubella, and should be carefully prevented.
Syphilic serum tests, pregnant women with syphilis are prone to abortion and death after 5 to 6 months of pregnancy, and cause great damage to the health of pregnant women.Even if it is maintained to childbirth, newborns will become low energy, deaf children, or congenital diseases with other dysplasia.In the best case, children will also have Harchison syndrome with uneven teeth in the future.Therefore, pregnant women need to receive corresponding examinations before preparing for pregnancy, and even if syphilis can only be found in early pregnancy, many effective treatment can be performed.Syphilis is performed through blood tests. It is necessary to conduct such examinations before or within 14 weeks before or within 14 weeks of pregnancy.Syphilis is transmitted through sexual intercourse. If the test results are positive, the husband should also be checked.
Blood type examination, even if you know the blood type, you have to re -perform the blood type examination during pregnancy.During pregnancy, the blood type test is divided into two types: ABO and RH.The ABO type is to correctly understand the blood type and prepare for pregnant women who suddenly need blood transfusion.The RH blood type test is mainly to screen the mother Rh- and the fetus are RH+.In this case, the mother realizes the fact that the fetus is considered to be a foreign body and produced an antibody, which destroys the fetal red blood cells. After the child is born, the child will cause cerebral paralysis due to serious jaundice.When an RH-mother was pregnant with an RH+baby, RH hemolyticia may appear when there was a second RH+baby.Pregnant women in RH-need to injection immunoglobulin that neutralize the RH+antigen to neutralize the RH+antigen after 7 months of pregnancy, so as to prevent danger of the fetus when the second child is pregnant.
The above -mentioned introduction to the pregnancy examination items mainly includes the main ones. Everyone must understand the main tests during pregnancy, and do a good job of related care during pregnancy in order to do a good job of care during pregnancy in a short period of time.
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