Xiao Zhang came out of the toilet and sighed helplessly, "My aunt this month is postponed again! Really!"
The roommate looked at her and said, "You stay up late every day, so menstruation can be normally strange."
Xiao Zhang rolled his eyes and was paralyzed on the bed, saying "Why do women come to menstruation? Really suffer every day."
The roommate shook his head helplessly. "I used to have 25 days a round, and now it has become another 35 -day round.
I believe that for many female friends, menstruation is a big thing.There will be many women who are puzzled by the distress of the day, the distress of the abdominal pain, etc., and why are there a "routine pain once" every month?One article takes you to understand!
As a normal physiological phenomenon of women, we know that it naturally starts with women’s physiological structure and function.
Women have two very important reproductive organs -uterus and ovarian. The ovaries are mainly responsible for discharge eggs and release gonad hormones. The uterus is responsible for breeding life. The formation of menstruation is also completed under the common action of these two important organs.
Each normal woman’s ovaries contain hundreds of thousands of follicles, and each follicles correspond to a egg.After a woman’s adolescence, the pituitary release of hormones acts on the ovaries, and follicles begin to mature.When the follicles are rowed out of the eggs, the follicle wall will become larger and yellow, forming a progesterone.The luteal can also produce progesterone while synthetic estrogen.
Among them, estrogen stimulates the uterus and thickens the endometrium. At this time, the intraperitum internal small arteries will become spiral, called the endometrium during the proliferation period.After ovulation, women and progesterone will work together to the endometrium, causing it to edema. At this time, we call it the endometrium of the secretion period.
About 14 days after ovulation, if the eggs are not fertilized, the luteal will shrink and no longer secrete estrogen and progesterone.And menstrual bleeding.
The entire process shows cyclical changes, and we call this change the menstrual cycle, referring to the first day of menstruation to the day before the next day of menstruation.
We divided it into three stages, and the first day of menstruation started to the ovulation period as the follicle period; the ovulation period five days before ovulation and four days after ovulation;Essence
The length of the menstrual cycle varies from person to person. Generally speaking, the menstrual cycle of normal women is 21 days to 36 days, and the average of 28 days is 28 days. The so -called menstrual tide duration is generally 3 to 7 days, with an average of 5 days.
As mentioned earlier, some people may be emotional, "Menstruation is so complicated, not so good, and not to be a day and month, and it will not be painful." But is this really good?
First, the law of menstruation is one of the symbols of mature women’s reproductive functions, laying the foundation for later pregnancy; second, the normal menstruation indicates that ovarian function is no different, and women aging can be delayed to a certain extent…. …
In short, regular menstruation is important for women.However, maybe someone will have the same doubts like Xiao Zhang’s roommate. Since everyone’s menstrual cycle is different, so long or short?For example, is it good for 25 days and one cycle, or is it better for 35 days?What are the differences between the two situations?
In fact, in the final analysis, "25 days VS 35 days, which one is better?" It is a pseudo -proposition, 25 days, 35 days, as long as the menstrual cycle is regular, then there is generally no problem.The difference in length of time is actually related to the two reasons: the degree of follicle maturity and the length of the luteal period.
1. Fresh maturity is different
We said above that the beginning of the menstrual cycle is the development of follicles.Whether the development of follicle development will inevitably affect the length of the menstrual cycle.
Some women’s eggs develop fast, mature speed, and will be discharged faster.This phenomenon will stimulate the endometrium earlier, and the thickening speed will become faster.In other words, women with menstruation once in 25 days mean that her ovulation frequency will be higher than that of menstruation once once every 35 days.Conversely, a friend of a period of 35 days is that the follicle maturity is relatively slow, so the menstrual cycle naturally grows.
2. Different luteum period
Some women’s progesterone levels will be lower. At this time, the luteal period will be shorter, which means that the luteal atrophy is faster, so the menstrual time is shorter.However, there are no need to worry about these women, and the level of progesterone is normal.As long as your menstrual cycle is not shorter than 21 days, it is a normal range.
Some friends will worry that the menstrual time is short and the fertility rate is short; some people will be anxious, and the short menstrual cycle represents the old and fast.In fact, both of them are one -sided.
Women with long menstrual cycles, although the egg excretion time is prolonged, this does not mean that the fertility rate is higher.As age increases, everyone’s egg activity will decrease more or less, so fertility ability will inevitably be affected.Therefore, no matter the menstrual cycle is a few days, when women reach a certain age, the fertility rate will inevitably decline.
In addition, although under normal circumstances, women with a short menstrual cycle seem to be ovulation faster, which may mean earlier menopause.In fact, there are many factors that affect menopause. Women who pay attention to maintenance, the estrogen secretion in the body is normal, the uterus is clean, in fact, the menopausal speed will slow down; too indulgence with your friends, bad hobbies or unhealthy living habits will stimulate ovaries andThe uterus may also speed up menopause.
Therefore, the length of the menstrual cycle is actually not necessarily connected with menstruation sooner or later.
In fact, whether it is 25 days or 35 days, or other days, as long as it is within the normal range of the cycle, there is no big difference, there is no good or bad.
However, we must pay attention to the so -called normal time that we can maintain a fixed time for a long time. For normal women, it is normal for normal women to delay the delay in the menstrual cycle or a few days in advance.However, if the frequent cycle difference is too large, it is very abnormal. For example, this month 25 days, next month and 35 days, and may be more than 40 days next time.It is called menstrual disorders.
As a barometer for women’s health, whether menstruation is normal or not is our judgment of physical condition, especially physiological reproductive functional health.Especially the following abnormal situations, pay attention!
Many women care about what is healthy and normal menstruation, and what is its standard?In fact, if the health standard is said at a glance, it seems boring. We might as well understand from the opposite side and understand what a "problem aunt" is.
We all know that the lowest menstrual cycle is 21 days. If it exceeds one week or more earlier, it is normal for us to call it early, and it is normal to occasionally once or twice.Endocrine imbalances are induced, resulting in advanced menstruation.
However, the frequentness is less than 21 days or even more. This is actually reminding that there are some pathological changes in the body.For example: premature ovarian failure, uterine fibroids, anemia … I suggest you seek medical treatment as soon as possible!
Of course, there will definitely be a delay in advance. We call it late for more than 36 or even 40 days. It is normal to occasionally one or two occasions.However, frequent delay may also lead to amenorrhea in advance.
For women with abnormal menstrual cycles, pay more attention to the maintenance and conditioning of the body, find the balance of exercise and work and study, have rich diet, mainly supplement nutrition and trace elements, and try not to stay up late.
The other is the problem of menstrual blood.
The normal menstrual blood volume of women should be about 50 ml to 100 ml, which is unhealthy than this standard.Many clinical diseases can lead to low menstrual flow, such as uterine dysplasia, endometrial tuberculosis, polycystic ovary syndrome, pelvic damage, premature ovarian failure, etc.Therefore, if there is too much menstrual blood, it is possible to go to the diagnosis in time.
In addition, if there is a blood clot in menstruation, it is also a disease signal. This is mostly caused by the cold or uterine congestion. You should go to the doctor in time to avoid causing ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids and other diseases.
Do you remember these abnormalities?If it does not happen, you can relax your heart properly ~
Menstruation is something that every woman can’t be familiar with, but when we are in aunt, we must not just avoid pain, but we also have to observe whether it is abnormal.Menstruation is too short or too long, and the menstrual blood is abnormal, that is, the signal of disease may occur in itself, or it may be in a sub -healthy state.It is necessary to adjust the life and rest, but it is also critical to seek medical treatment in time. After all, early discovery and treatment!
1. Liu Junjuan. External factors and prevention of menstrual irregularities [J]. Modern Chinese and Western medicine combined magazines
2. Sun Xiaoli, Liu Yanfeng, Sun Tianlin, Zhao Yan. Research on the related performance of women’s menstrual cycle and factors of factors [J]. China Pharmaceutical Herald