Feng Zijian, former deputy director of the China Disease Control and Prevention Center and a member of the National New Coronal Virus Pneumonia Co -Control Mechanism Group, said in an previous interview: "No matter what form of the policies of the epidemic,Encounter infection. "
In addition, according to data models, 80%to 90%of people may experience infection.
Infection new coronal virus
What kind of experience will be?
What are the most common symptoms?
How long will the symptoms last?
What issues should citizens pay attention to?
Most of ordinary symptoms
The reporter captured the relevant posts of the Weibo topic "”What is the experience of the new crown”".
According to the IP address of the post, more than 73%of netizens infected with new coronal viruses in the country, and about 26%of the remaining netizens shared the experience of infection abroad.In addition, in 2104 comments, nearly 800 netizens mentioned their vaccination, 97%of netizens vaccinated the vaccine, and only 3%of netizens said they had not yet been vaccinated.
Because there are fewer netizens who have not been vaccinated, there is no significant difference in domestic and foreign experience sharing. Therefore, the following analysis is the overall situation.
From the perspective of symptoms, netizens are mostly common symptoms, with fewer high -risk symptoms.
The proportion of ordinary symptoms exceeds 90%, of which the most frequently occur is cough, fever, and sore throat.Many netizens think that the new crown is similar to a cold and a cold, and there will be symptoms such as cough, pharyngitis, fever, nasal congestion, headache and other symptoms.
In addition to ordinary symptoms, high -risk symptoms including dyspnea, chest pain, and high fever are relatively small, only 2.3%; the proportion of no clinical symptoms is 6.6%.
Netizen Xiao Zhang:
The biggest feeling is the whole body soreness, but because the day before the diagnosis, the dance club was also trained. I usually sore after training, so I did n’t feel it. It ’s okay after a day of pain.
Even with ordinary symptoms, there are differences in the feelings of "cold" in different constitutions.
Very similar to a cold, but the symptoms are a little longer than a cold.For two days, my throat was painful, sneezing, and my nose was blocked.The appetite is basically no effect, and the fourth day is basically good.
I was uncomfortable in the past four days, and it was very similar to a cold. My muscle soreness was accompanied by fever.On the fifth day, the fever was getting better and the nucleic acid was discharged on the 14th day.
Judging from time distribution, the first three days were the hardest.
In the feelings of netizens, the fever is mainly concentrated on the first three days of the infection, especially on the first day, accompanied by symptoms such as cough and sore throat; in the middle and late stage of the infection, after the fever, the patient mainly experienced dizziness and headache., Fine, muscle soreness and other symptoms.
The duration of cough may be longer. Some netizens said that coughing will still occur even after half a month to one month after nucleic acid negative.
Most of them recover within 7 days
In the sharing of Weibo messages, 11.8%of netizens expressed their strong discomfort after the infection. These messages include the words "severe symptoms", "giant/drama", "uncomfortable", "pain", "pain" and other words.
Among them, "severe symptoms" mainly include cough, fever, severe cold, stuffy nasal congestion, muscle soreness, etc.The main parts of "big pain" and "uncomfortable" are "throat/throat".
Netizen Yun Laifeng is light:
The infection was initially fever, fever for three or four days, but the throat was super painful, which hurts like a knife cut.
Netizen Xiao Zhao:
The most serious symptom is sore throat. It hurts for three days. It is a bit difficult to talk to meals during the period.
In terms of cure time, 7 days of yin is the most common, but due to the differences in physical fitness, some infected people turn the yin at about 3 days, and the clinical symptoms have also improved, and have not affected daily life.
Netizens’ past things are like wind:
The symptoms after infection are low fever and cough. After taking a break at home for 3 days, there were no symptoms after turning the yin, and began to live normally.
There are also some patients’ clinical symptoms that lasted for nearly a month, including cough, foreign body sensation, sore throat, etc.
After 3 days of fever, the nucleic acid turns overcast in about 4 to 5 days, but it will last for a period of headache, and the feeling of foreign objects in the throat will last about a month.
After turning the yin, there are still 10 days of infection symptoms, and for a month, bitter water will be secreted in the mouth.
In addition to the above -mentioned clinical symptoms, some netizens still have symptoms such as taste and smell failure, weakness, weakness, drowsiness, fatigue and other symptoms for a period of time.
The sense of taste and smell is the most common.
After turning the overcast, the taste and smell gradually weakened, and even disappeared. This situation lasted for about two months.
In the first few days, the taste of food cannot be eaten, such as the difference between orange -flavored sugar and apple flavor.
In addition, many netizens also felt weak and fatigue.
Our family has been infected. The time of turning the clouds varies from person to person. I am 8 days, my child is about 6 days, my mother -in -law is about 11 days, and my husband is half a month.This has been half a year. My mother -in -law and children are good in their bodies, but my husband and I have felt more energetic than before.
Pay attention to the new crown infection of key groups
In more than 2,000 comments captured, in addition to the experience of infected people, 14.5%of the comments include questions from uninvited people, such as asking the severity of the symptoms after the infection, or the types and brands of the antipyretic drugs.
In these questions, nearly 30 % of the problems expressed concerns about infection of specific groups, including the elderly, pregnant women, children, and patients with basic diseases.
Are these specific groups that the public pay attention to?
What is the effect of treatment after infection?
Will you face secondary infection after healing?
Many clinical scientific research at home and abroad
Try to give answers
Question 1: Children’s immune function is weak, will it be more difficult to recover than adults?
Most children recover within a week.
In August last year, a large-scale study of "Liuye Dao-Children and Adolescent Health" reported in detail the diseases of symptoms 5 to 17 years old.Great.
Zhang Yi, a member of the Beijing Children’s New Crown Clinic, pointed out that from the clinical point of view, the symptoms and course of children and adults were significantly different from the infection.Overall, the onset is fast, but there are few pneumonia."Children’s infected people have almost no incubation period, and infection is the onset of infection. Adult infections occur within 3 days, while children develop diseases within 1 day."
Experts remind that children infected with new crown virus 1-2 weeks after healing. At this time, children’s immune function has not been restored, and it is necessary to prevent secondary blows.
Question 2: Will the infection of the new coronal virus during pregnancy affect the fetus?
No evidence shows that the new crown virus can lead to "maternal and infant transmission".
Earlier, some news reported that a new -born newborns infected with pregnant women were detected at 36 hours after birth, which caused people to question whether the virus would infected infected.Professor Zhang Yuanzhen of the Central South Hospital of Wuhan University said: "The details of many important clinical information of this case are not detailed, so it cannot be concluded from this single case that can be concluded in the palace infection."
"Liu Ye Dao" has published a study from Wuhan in Wuhan, China, and a study of new types of coronary virus pneumonia in advanced pregnancy.The study said that there is no evidence that the new crown virus infection can lead to the ending of serious bad newborns, and there is no evidence that the new crown virus can cause vertical transmission between maternal and infants.
The study analyzed the clinical data of 9 cases of COVID-19 pregnant women. Nine pregnant women were between 26-40 years old and had no serious basic diseases.Although there were two patients with fetal distress before surgery, and 6 of them were also treated with antiviral treatment, all 9 newborn were live production.Compared with the SARS virus infection, the clinical process and ending of the new coronal virus are relatively optimistic.However, the objects of this study are patients with advanced pregnancy and termination of pregnancy with cesarean section. There are certain limitations.
The report pointed out in the discussion that maternal mothers are still susceptible people of respiratory pathogen, and they are easily developed into severe pneumonia. This may make maternal women more susceptible to the new crown virus than ordinary people, especially when they have chronic diseases or pregnancy.In the case of combination.Therefore, maternal and newborn should be regarded as key high-risk groups of COVID-19 infection and management.
Question three: Is it more dangerous to have basic diseases?
Patients with basic diseases need to detect clinical indicators densely.
In addition to the elderly, children and pregnant women, patients with basic diseases have also become one of the most watched groups.The so -called basic diseases generally refer to chronic diseases.It can be divided into three categories. One is that there are basic metabolic disorders, such as endocrine disorders and diabetes; the other is that the immune function is low, such as AIDS; the third is to have major chronic consumer diseases such as tumors.
Among the first -diagnosed Wuhan crown cases, 50%of patients have basic diseases, including diabetes (20%), hypertension (15%), and cardiovascular disease (15%).
Data reported by the Centers for Prevention and Control of the United States show that nearly one -third of patients have at least one basic disease or risk factors, the most common of which is diabetes (10.9%).There are at least one basic disease in 78%of patients with severe care room and 94%of death cases.
From the perspective of existing evidence, diabetes (or poor blood sugar control) is obviously one of the most important complications related to the severity of the new crown infection and prognosis.
In addition to diabetes, a report from Academician Wang Fusheng, a National Infertility Clinical Research Center, mentioned that 2%-11%of new coronal virus patients have basic liver disease.At present, chronic liver diseases have become one of the main burdens on the world’s major diseases. In China, about 300 million people have liver disease, such as chronic viral hepatitis, non -alcoholic fatty liver, alcoholic liver, etc.Due to the large number of patients, the potential impact of the new coronal virus infection on the liver situation needs to be further studied.
Studies emphasized that patients with advanced liver diseases, especially older and other patients with complications, their immune function is low, and clinical indicators need to be tested densely after infection with new coronary virus.
Question 4: Is cancer patients more dangerous?
In response to the infection of the new coronal virus in cancer patients, Professor He Jianbao, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, led the research team to cooperate with the National Health and Health Commission to monitor COIVD-19 cases throughout China.Less municipality) 1590 cases.
Analysis pointed out that due to malignant tumors, chemotherapy, surgery and other anti -cancer treatment, cancer patients are in an immunosuppressive state. Cancer patients are more likely to be infected than individuals without cancer, and their prognosis is worse.
Not only that, research has also found that patients with serious incidents (entering the intensive care unit for ventilation or death) are nearly five times higher than those of serious incidents (entering the intensive care unit in the intensive care unit.
Compared with other complications, the history of cancer has become the highest risk factor for serious incidents.In response to the crisis of the new crown epidemic and the martyr’s infectious diseases that may occur in the future, the research team proposed three major strategies for cancer patients.
First, in the epidemic areas, for the stable period of cancer, it should be considered to delay assisted chemotherapy or optional surgery.
Second, the personal protection of cancer patients and cancer survivors should be strengthened.
Third, when cancer patients are infected with new coronal viruses, especially elderly patients or other patients with complications, monitoring or treatment should be considered.
In summary, for ordinary patients, the new crown infection caused by Omik Rongzhu is a self -limited disease, which can be cured by autoimmune.Including cancer patients, diabetes or other basic diseases, etc., once infection, you should still pay close attention and seek medical treatment in time.
Most of the remaining patients can go to a popular kidney or emergency treatment if they need to seek medical treatment. Medical resources such as rescue rooms are given priority to special patients to treat special patients while avoiding cross -infections.
How to do personal protection?
How to protect high -risk people?
Experts speak together
Remind the general public:
Do a good job of personal protection and enhance autoimmune
Light illness home recuperation, no need to get rid of hospitals!
Zhang Wenhong: Do not go to the square dance during this time
It is recommended that children should wear the N95 mask when visiting the elderly; do not go to the square dance, rub mahjong, and gather chatting during this time; the hospital also pays attention to the elderly patients over 80 years oldDuring the peak period.
Zhang Wenhong said that the peak of this epidemic may come within one month, and it may take 3-6 months to spend this epidemic as a whole.Medical staff should prepare for Omikon once during this period, but what we need to do is to do not infection at the same time, but to be infected slowly, and protect all the fragile groups.Infection to prevent huge crowding in our medical resources.
This month is a relatively hard month, and the protection of the elderly is quite critical.
Chen Erzhen: Don’t panic, do a good job of prevention
Most of the new crown-infected people are asymptomatic, do not need to seek medical treatment, and try their best to be separated as much as possible. Basically, it is 7-10 days.More importantly, adhere to the "three -piece set, five more", and transform epidemic prevention measures into healthy living habits.Remember: wearing a mask correctly, social staying; daily ventilation, cleanliness and hygiene; eating two balances, self -measurement of body temperature; vaccination quickly, protective protection.
Zhong Ming: Light illness home, pay attention to observation
The symptoms of the above respiratory tract infection of the Omikon virus, such as sore throat, cough, fever, etc., rarely have severe pneumonia and dyspnea.If it is mild, you do n’t have to go to the hospital, just rest at home, normal schedule and diet, and monitor self -health monitoring.However, patients with obesity, obesity (weight index higher than 35), diabetes, hypertension, old slow branch and other patients should pay attention. If chest tightness and breathing difficulties occur, seek medical treatment in time.If you have conditions at home, you can buy the blood oxygen saturation instrument by yourself.
Zhang Wei: Warm tea, healthy epidemic prevention
In the cold season, the elders often told the elders in the ear: "Drink more honeysuckle dew, chrysanthemum tea."Traditional Chinese medicine also recommends epidemic prevention of tea. One is white ginseng or raw astragalus to enhance immunity.Take tea frequently, support the warm "little umbrella" of warmth.Send a small formula: the inner Qi is in the inside, the evil cannot be dry; the massage scraping, the healthy companion;
Cha Qiongfang: Protecting the old and young, the top priority
In winter, the respiratory tract infectious disease is high. For the people, protecting themselves and their families, the first responsible person of their own health, and the protector of the old and young people in the family. This is the top priority.Maintain a good mentality in daily life, develop a healthy living habits, and prepare some commonly used medications in appropriate families. Wearing masks, shampooing hands, gathered less, and staying up late to enhance autoimmune function.
Comprehensive view of news, interface news, CCTV.com
Some text authors: Liu Yilin