Urine routine is a required test for pregnancy tests. Many pregnant mothers see routine urine examination reports. I do n’t know which small items should be seen. Those+-, what do you represent, do you need to treat it?
Let’s talk briefly today.Get the routine urine inspection report, so many small items.The indicators that need to be focused on: white blood cells, urine blood, urine protein, urine ketone, and urine sugar.
Generally speaking, (-) represents negative; (±) represents weak positive; (+) represents positive; (++ ～ ++++) represents strong positive.In most cases, negative indicates normal, positive indicators, or exceeding the reference value range, or arrows, indicating that there may be problems.
What disease can I detect the routine of urine?
The routine of urine during pregnancy is mainly to eliminate whether there are: urinary tract infection, diabetes, and hypertension during pregnancy.
1. Urinary tract infection
Main results indicators: urine pH, urine nitrite, urinary blood, urine red blood cells, urinary white cells, leukocytes, bacteria and yeast
If the above indicators are positive or exceeding normal reference indicators, urinary tract infections may occur.
Urine pH value: abnormalities may indicate urinary tract infection, kidney disease or environmental disorders, such as severe vomiting in early pregnancy.
Urine blood (urine blood): mainly detects red blood cells in urine.There are many causes of urinary blood positive, such as tumors, acute/chronic nephritis, cystitis, urogenic tuberculosis, urethritis, urinary stones, etc.Generally, most healthy pregnant mothers have a positive urine blood during pregnancy, most likely to be stones or infections in the urinary system.
Urine cells: white blood cells are the "guardians" of the human body.Once the bacteria attack, the white blood cells will come out to fight, and the heroic white blood cells will become "white blood cells/urine sober white blood cells" in ordinary urine.The white blood cells in urine indicate positive, also known as "pyuria", which may be caused by urinary pyrophydal lesions, such as pyelonephritis, cystitis, urethritis, etc.
Bacterial count: indicates the number of bacteria in urine.Theoretically, there should be no bacteria or almost no bacteria in the urine of healthy adults.
If the amount of bacteria found in urine exceeds 100,000, even if there is no symptom, this strongly indicates that there is a urinary tract infection;
If it is> 100, at the same time, the white blood cells are> 7/ml in the urine, accompanied by frequent urination, urgency, and dysuria.This also shows that there is urinary tract infection.It is recommended to carry out urine culture to determine whether there is a related infection;
If the bacterial value is within 100, it may be caused by the interference or pollution of vaginal secretions
2. Hypertension during pregnancy
Mainly viewed items: urine protein.
Generally speaking, if the urine protein is still positive after excluding vaginal secretion pollution, it is prompted that it might be the early stage of eclampsida (a hypertension during pregnancy), some urinary system inflammation, and the disease -related diseases may also occur.Positive protein, this is not a specific indicator.
3. Diabetes/gestational diabetes
Mainly viewed items: urine sugar (urine glucose).
Urinary sugar positive during pregnancy, but this does not mean diabetes.Diagnosis of diabetes during pregnancy is tested by drawing blood. Generally, it is checked by testing indicators such as sugar tolerance (OGTT) and glycated hemoglobin from 24 to 28 weeks.
Looking at the above, do you know what the urine is in the routine?