After pregnancy, there are a variety of examinations during pregnancy. Which examinations are essential?
1. Routine inspection.Routine examinations include weight, height, abdominal circumference and palace height, and tires listening to fetal heart movement.The main purpose of doing these tests is to monitor the health of pregnant mothers and fetuses and assist pregnant mothers to surpass pregnancy.
2. Blood glucose monitoring.After pregnancy, pregnant mothers have increased diet nutrition, and the changes in hormones are likely to cause diabetes.Diabetes during gestational diabetes are common, and as long as it is controlled, it will return to normal.Therefore, monitoring blood sugar becomes necessary.After the blood sugar occurs, the pregnant mother should exercise in moderation under the guidance of a doctor, and improve the diet to make blood sugar return to normal.
3. Screening of Tang’s syndrome.Donald syndrome screening is a safe method to find high -risk individuals with innate foolish fetuses among pregnant women.Each pregnant mother may have a "Tang family", and the chances of Donal will increase with the age of pregnant women.To avoid tragedy, Tang’s screening should be performed between 14th to 20 weeks of pregnancy.For elderly women over 35 years of age, it is recommended that Don syndrome screening must be performed.
About 6 weeks of pregnancy: thyroid hormone examination
If your menstruation is accurate, you should be able to judge whether you are pregnant.Then it is best to go to the hospital to test a blood, especially the examination of thyroid hormones (through blood drawing).Many people, after pregnancy, hormones will change.High or low thyroid hormone may affect the intellectual development of the fetus, especially the first three months, so the earlier the examination, the better.Even if it is high or low, don’t worry. Doctors generally give Kaiyou Jiale, eat according to the amount of doctors, and then review them regularly.Generally speaking, Yujiale has to eat throughout pregnancy.This medicine has no side effects on the fetus.
About 12 weeks of pregnancy: NT examination
That is, the transparent tip of the fetal neck refers to the thickness of the liquid accumulation of the liquid accumulation in the subcutaneous tissue of the fetal neck.By checking the thickness of the transparent belt of the fetus, early diagnosis of fetal chromosomal diseases and early detection of fetal abnormalities, such as: fetal spine bifida, fetal spine swelling, stinging hydrocephalus, widening of the side brain chamber, posterior craniotomy tankBidding, heart malformations, etc.This is generally called early small row, and the importance can be imagined.
About 16 weeks of pregnancy: Donald screen screening
Tang’s is a child with defects in the brain that we know, so this test is equally important.Many hospitals directly conduct Tang sieves, but this accuracy rate is only about 60%. That is to say, the high risk of the result does not mean that you are truly high -risk, and the low -risk is not a problem.
In the hospital, the doctor’s high -risk population, doctors recommend conducting non -invasive DNA inspections or amniotic fluid puncture.My suggestion is that you can do non -invasiveness first. Like Tang Si, you can draw blood. The cost is around 2500, which is not dangerous.The accuracy of non -invasive innovation reaches 99%.If there is still a problem with non-invasiveness, then sheep wear, it is to pump the amniotic fluid in the stomach, so there is a certain risk of abortion. Of course, the accuracy of this check is 100%, the cost is different, and it may be 3000-4000.
If you are an elderly mother, that is, over 35 years old, then it will be directly innocent, because you will definitely show high risks.In fact, I feel that regardless of age and conditions, I will be unprepared.
About 24 weeks of pregnancy: Darge deformed examination
It can be seen from the name. How important this examination is, it is a comprehensive discharge examination of the fetus.Generally, they pass three -dimensional or four -dimensional color Doppler ultrasound. Many hospitals do not have four -dimensional.The effects of the two are similar, and the four -dimensional three -dimensional is more three -dimensional.In order to rest assured, it is recommended to go to a private hospital for four -dimensional, hundreds of dollars.Maybe a colleague who can be in the discharge of the fetus reveals the gender of the fetus, of course, if you are curious.
Generally, you can be relieved as soon as you pass the abnormalities.The hospital for the community to take vaccines for children will also return to the phone after this abnormal discharge, so as to arrange for the child’s injection after the birth of the child in the future.
About 26 weeks of pregnancy: Sugar tolerance check
This time it is mainly to check whether you have diabetes during pregnancy. This will affect whether you can give birth and other problems. You can follow the doctor’s advice.
About 28 weeks of pregnancy: pelvic examination
It is mainly to measure your pelvis, and you also want to know if you can give birth.
After 32 weeks of pregnancy: several
The due date is getting closer and closer. The next examination includes the fetal position (if it is the first position, it has the condition of the childbirth); whether the fetal umbilical cord is around the neck, there is no best to around the neck. Generally, the doctor will also recommend the delivery of the delivery. , I will consider it carefully for more than three weeks, and maybe they will be cut; the fetal estimation is heavy. The child is normal between 5-7 catties. It is necessary to control the diet appropriately in the later period; and so on.
5-8 weeks of pregnancy: determine pregnancy through B-ultrasound, blood test, urine test, etc.
9-11 weeks of pregnancy: sampling examination of chorionic membrane;
12 weeks of pregnancy: first birth (blood pressure, weight, palace height, abdominal circumference, Doppler fetal heart), women’s examination, pregnancy nutrition monitoring, B -ultrasound, electrocardiogram, MDI secretions;
16 to 20 weeks of pregnancy: Donalding of Tang family, blood conventional blood (ABORH), urine routine, liver merit, blood glucose, blood calcium, blood lipids, hepatitis C antibodies, syphilis reactin, HIV antibody, eugenics (giant giant (giant giantCell virus, herpes zoster virus, rubella virus, toxoplasma), trace elements;
20-24 weeks of pregnancy: hypertension prediction during pregnancy, pregnancy diabetes (sugar sieve), large deformity screening;
28-30 weeks of pregnancy: B -ultrasound, blood routine, urine routine;
32-34 weeks of pregnancy: the blood test for blood tests and routine urine;
36 weeks of pregnancy: checkup, fetal heart monitoring;
37 weeks of pregnancy: checkup, fetal heart monitoring, color Doppler ultrasound, blood routine, urine routine;
38 weeks of pregnancy: checkup, fetal heart monitoring;
39 weeks of pregnancy: checkup, fetal heart monitoring;
40 weeks of pregnancy: checkup, fetal heart monitoring, B -ultrasound, blood condensation four, blood routine, routine urine, electrocardiogram.