More and more children have leukemia?Two "culprits" behind it, don’t underestimate

In the past ten years, how many children have been attacked by leukemia, and many children have been taken away as precious lives by leukemia.Leukemia is also known as blood cancer, which is closely related to the damage of the hematopoietic function of the bone marrow. The main manifestation is bleeding, infection and persistent fever.At present, the incidence of leukemia has accounted for 3%of the incidence of all tumors, which is the first cause of children’s death, which causes children to suffer from leukemia.

1. Genetic

Leukemia is a malignant tumor. Although it is not contagious, it has a genetic tendency.There are cases of leukemia in the direct -based relatives, the risk of the next generation of this cancer is more than three times higher than that of ordinary people.

2. External factors

Long -term exposure in environmentaldehyde and benzene, especially in the newly renovated house, there are above substances, which can increase the risk of leukemia; mothers have a large amount of smoking and drinking during pregnancy and pregnancy.Around the chemical plant, etc., such as leukemia will increase the risk of leukemia.In addition, children who are exposed in the radiation environment for a long time, frequent planes, and living in nuclear power plants are also high -risk groups of leukemia.In addition, long -term large doses of sulfa drugs and eating too many junk foods can cause blood cells to develop disorders, and can also induce leukemia.

1. Heat the heat

Continuous high fever or low fever is a common symptom of leukemia. The reason why fever is related to infection.

2. Painless swelling

The neck or underarms, the groin, and the collarbone are painless, non -itchy, and swollen, and sometimes there are obvious discomfort and pain in the abdominal spleen and liver region.

3. Anemia

Most patients with leukemia will have symptoms of anemia in the early days. The main manifestations are headache dizzy, tinnitus, white face, and headache.Because their red blood cell production is suppressed, the blood cannot run normally, which leads to anemia.When anemia develops to a certain degree, the whole body can be fatal, weight loss, and loss of appetite.

4. Bleeding

More than half of patients with leukemia will have bleeding symptoms, and early gum bleeding, nosebleeds, and bleeding points or ecchymia on the skin may occur.When the disease develops to the late stage, intracranial or visceral bleeding can occur, which threatens life.

1. Chemotherapy

Treatment of leukemia’s preferred chemotherapy method can help kill abnormal cells in the body, inhibit abnormal cell proliferation, delay the development of the disease, and relieve its symptoms.

2. Hem hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

First remove the hematopoietic stem cells in the patient’s bone marrow, and then enter the normal hematopoietic stem cells in an intravenous infusion, so that the normal hematopoietic system can be re -established, which is conducive to improving the immune system and reducing the risk of infection.

3. Immunotherapy

Take out the T cells in the patient’s body and make genetic modification outside the body to upgrade it to T cell 2.0, which can identify and kill tumor cells, and then treat leukemia.

4. Drug therapy

By drug use to block the effect of abnormal white matter, such abnormal proteins can promote cancer cell reproduction, thereby preventing cancer cells from spreading.

Kind tips

In addition to the leukemia caused by genetic, the acquired factors are preventable and controllable.In daily life, children cannot be exposed to too many X -rays and harmful radiation, especially pregnant women and infants.Actively prevent various infections, especially virus infections; cautiously use certain drugs in life, such as antiviral drugs, antitumor drugs and immunosuppressants.

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