It’s not easy to be a mother!Know this common disease to help you prepare for you and get pregnant

Mother love is the most selfless and great.In order to give birth to a healthy baby, the treasures of the treasures can be described as all my best.However, a clinically common disease will cause great trouble to the mothers, that is, the protagonist we are going to talk about today-hypothyroidism during pregnancy.

01 What is hypothyroidism during pregnancy?

During pregnancy, hypothyroidism (referred to as hypothyroidism) refers to a disease caused by insufficient secretion of thyroid hormone secretion of pregnant mothers.There are various causes, the most common of which are chronic thyroiditis (or Hashimoto’s thyroiditis).A hypothyroidism may have occurred before pregnancy. Of course, there may be no abnormalities before pregnancy, and diagnosis after pregnancy, or appears as the pregnancy age increases.

What are the main hazards of 02?

Don’t look at the thyroid gland just a small organ that grows in the neck, but it plays a very important role.The main function of the thyroid gland is to secrete thyroid hormones, promote the growth and development of the human body, regulate metabolism, and maintain the normal physiological function of each organ.More importantly, the thyroid hormone required for the growth and development of the fetus before 20 weeks of pregnancy is completely or part (12 to 20 weeks). Therefore, the hypothyroidism during pregnancy will not only affect the pregnant mother itself, but also will be right.The fetus caused adverse effects, which may cause the fetal palace’s slowdown, low intelligence after birth, and bad pregnancy endings such as miscarriage, premature birth, and dead tires.

03 How to diagnose hypothyroidism during pregnancy?

During pregnancy, hypothyroidism is often mild and unprecedented because of its clinical symptoms, and it is easy to be confused with the physiological changes brought about by pregnancy, so it may be ignored to delay diagnosis and treatment.We reminded mothers in the early pregnancy that we should follow the recommendations of maternal and child health care institutions, and routine blood testing of thyroid function (preferably checking the level of thyroid antibody at the same time) is the most convenient and most reliable diagnosis method.If you have been diagnosed with hypothyroidism before pregnancy, the treatment effect of taking medication is also good. You should also go to the hospital to review the thyroid function in time after you are found to be pregnant. You may need to adjust the drug dose under the guidance of a doctor.

Equipment and excellent breeding are the common goals of everyone.Therefore, we recommend that women in childcare can go to the hospital to check the thyroid function during the pregnancy stage, allow the "hidden" hypothyroidism to "explicitly" in a timely manner, and control the thyroid function in the appropriate range under the guidance of the doctor before considering pregnancy.

04 How to treat hypothyroidism during pregnancy?

Although hypothyroidism during pregnancy is harmful, as long as it is discovered and actively treated in time, the subsequent "tragedy" will not be performed.Therefore, once the pregnant mother is diagnosed with hypothyroidism, it should replenish thyroid hormones (commonly used drugs named You Ni Le) in time, and correct the abnormality of thyroid function as soon as possible.At the same time, the thyroid function should be monitored regularly (such as 2 to 4 weeks), and the dosage dosage should be adjusted at any time.

05 Is the treatment of iodine reduction during pregnancy effective?

Iodine is an important raw material for synthetic thyroid hormones.After iodine intake in the human body, it needs to be a series of "processing" to become the final thyroid hormone "finished product".Pregnant mothers with hypothyroidism often cause their "processing" ability due to the disease of the thyroid itself, so simply supplementing iodine raw materials cannot solve the problem. Only in time and rapid supply of sufficient thyroid hormone can ensure that the needs of pregnant mothers and fetuses can be ensuredEssence

Although simply iodine supplementation is a "money -saving" for hypothyroidism during pregnancy, pregnant women should indeed be appropriately supplemented with iodine, because the raw materials required to synthesize thyroid hormones after the fetal gona development is provided by the mother.Therefore, pregnant women should ingest more iodine -containing foods than ordinary people. Kelp, seaweed, and shrimp skin appear in the recipes of pregnant mothers every three differences.

Text: Wang Renfei, the Department of Nuclear Medicine, General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University

Edit: Peng Yan

Review: Chen Huiyang Cao Zheng Yan Yan

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