How many do you mistaken for 10 diet misunderstandings of diabetes?

The prevalence of diabetes in Chinese adults is 9.7%to 11.6%, and the patients with diabetes are about 110 million.In 2017, my country’s diabetes mortality rate was 10.25%.In my house, my mother is diabetes, so I usually pay more attention to diabetes.I found that everyone has a lot of misunderstandings about the diet of diabetes. For example, people who think that diabetes cannot eat fruits or meat, but can only be vegetarian; sweets cannot be eaten in one bite.Is this true?Today, I have summarized the 10 major misunderstandings about diabetes and diet.

Misunderstanding 1: Diabetes is because you eat too much sugar

Truth: In fact, there are many and complicated factors that lead to diabetes. In addition to the susceptibility of genes, various factors such as obesity, smoking, and emotional pressure may induce diabetes, not just because it is as simple as eating too much sugar.The reason why diabetic patients have sugar in urine is not just because they eat too much sugar, but because the body’s insulin metabolism occurs, it is impossible to use the ingested sugar.

It is important to prevent diabetes. It is simple to develop good diet and living habits, rather than not eating sugar or eating less sugar.For diabetic patients, if the habits of bad living habits cannot be improved, the control of blood sugar is difficult to achieve satisfactory results.

Misunderstanding 2: Diabetic patients cannot eat sweet food, they can only eat sweet food

Truth: In fact, diabetic patients cannot choose only when choosing foods, but also depends on the ingredients and total energy it contained.

Most of the sweet food contains sugar, such as biscuits, sweet beverages, etc. These sugary sweet foods will increase blood sugar and should control less.However, some sweet foods are actually used with sweeteners, such as Asba sweet, sweetin, etc. Although the sweetener has sweetness, it does not provide energy. It is okay to eat these sweet foods appropriately.

Moreover, some foods without sweetness, such as the rice and steamed buns we eat, although they have no sweetness, but the starch they contain will become glucose after digestion, and they cannot eat more.

Misunderstanding 3: Foods with high blood sugar index can not be eaten

Truth: The blood glucose index is an indicator for measuring the blood glucose response of food. Patients with diabetes should pay attention, but they cannot blindly choose food according to the blood glucose index, but also depends on the total amount of blood glucose load and carbohydrate.

The lower the blood glucose index (GI), the smaller the influence of the fluctuation of blood sugar. It is generally recommended to eat low GI food for diabetic patients.But this does not mean that those high GI fruits cannot be eaten, but also the blood glucose load (GL). It is an indicator that combines the quality and quantity of carbohydrates to evaluate the total blood sugar effect of the diet.It has practical significance.

For example, the GIs of watermelon and soda biscuits are 72, but the carbohydrates contained in 100 grams of food are very different. The soda biscuits contain about 76 grams per 100 grams of carbohydrates.The compound is about 7 grams, and its GL is about 5, and the GL difference between the two is as many as L0.

Misunderstanding 4: Diabetes cannot eat fruit

Truth: The blood glucose index of most fruits is not high, and the blood glucose load is generally low, so people with diabetes can eat fruit in moderation.

The American Diabetes Association believes that people with diabetes can eat fruits.In the dietary advice of the diabetic patients they provided, the first is to eat more fruits and vegetables, and it is best to eat various colors of fruits and vegetables to enrich the diversity of fruits.

However, people with diabetes are best not to drink fruit juice. The juice usually loses some dietary fiber, and the blood sugar reaction will be higher than the complete fruit.

Misunderstanding 5: Eating bitter gourd can treat diabetes

Truth: In fact, most of the current research on bitter gourd lowering blood sugar has not found obvious differences. Regarding whether bitter gourd can reduce blood sugar and treat diabetes, there is still no conclusion.

For patients with diabetes, they still strictly follow the doctor’s instructions and control blood sugar, balanced diet, and do not easily believe in the recipes circulating on the Internet or folks.

Misunderstanding 6: Eating yogurt can prevent diabetes

Truth: Yogurt is a good source of calcium, and although the yogurt is added to the yogurt, compared with the same number of carbohydrates, it is still much slower than the blood sugar of white rice and white steamed buns.Therefore, eating yogurt every day is a healthy lifestyle, and people with diabetes can drink yogurt.

However, whether a cup of yogurt can really prevent diabetes every day is not yet determined.Moreover, most of the studies found that yogurt is good for blood sugar control is one of the yogurt per day, about 28 grams.The small packaging of yogurt in my country is about 100 grams, which is equivalent to 4 copies.The sugar content of yogurt is high, and you still need to pay attention not to eat too much.

Misunderstanding 7: Sweetter can cause diabetes

Truth: Sweetter, such as Asba sweet, sweetin, etc., they can provide sweetness but have almost no energy and will not increase blood sugar.

Therefore, sweetener is a good alternative product for diabetic patients.If you want to eat sweet food and worry about raising blood sugar, sweet food food is a good choice for patients with diabetes.

Misunderstanding 8: People with diabetes can rest assured to eat sugar -free foods

Truth: "sugar -free" does not mean no carbohydrate or no heat.

my country’s nutritional label standards stipulate that if a food is to claim "sugar -free", it requires a sugar content per 100 grams or 100 ml of solid or liquid foods of not more than 0.5 grams (referred to as carbohydrates).

Many so -called "sugar -free products", such as sugar -free biscuits, sugar -free oatmeal, sugar -free ravioli powder, etc. Although it does not contain artificially added sucrose, it still contains a lot of starch, and some even add starch syrup, gloutic syrup, maltoseIngredients and other ingredients such as pulp, malt paste.Their raising blood sugar is not inferior to the white sugar eaten daily, so it is better to eat less.

Misunderstanding Nine: Diabetes can only eat vegetarian vegetables, not meat

Truth: Patients with diabetes should pay attention to the balance of daily diet.Not eating meat will inevitably make the body’s protein insufficient, easily reduce the body’s resistance and more likely to occur.

The American Diabetes Association also believes that high -quality protein is very important for the health of diabetic patients. Diabetes patients should also ensure that sufficient high -quality protein can be consumed every day. Good protein sources include lean meat and beans.

Misunderstanding Ten: Diabetic patients can only eat less or not eat staple food

Truth: Many patients with diabetes believe that controlling blood sugar cannot eat staple foods. Even if they eat, they can only eat a little. In fact, this is completely misunderstanding.Diet control is the total heat of daily intake. It is unreasonable to control certain types of food alone. Excessive control can also cause hypoglycemia and malnutrition. It should balance various diets.

The biggest problem with our staple food is too delicate. For example, in addition to the loss of vitamins and minerals, the blood glucose index is also high, which is not conducive to the control of blood sugar.For diabetic patients, the choice of daily staple food should be as little as possible staple foods for refined processing, including the current "white and soft" rice noodles; in addition to eating staple foods such as coarse grains and beans.Mi, soybeans, etc.Therefore, we advocate the staple foods of miscellaneous grains, such as black rice, yellow rice, potato, etc. The main food that needs to be controlled is mainly refined white rice noodles.

(Author Ruan Guangfeng is the director of the Science and Technology Department of Food and Nutrition Information Exchange Center)

Source: Beijing Youth Daily

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