Regardless of whether it is one child or a second child, the common wishes of expectant mothers are to have a healthy baby.But sometimes you may encounter a little episode. For example, if you use drugs without accidental pregnancy, will the drug affect the fetus?Can this fetus want it?These worrying mothers have different levels of psychological burdens, and may even have psychological diseases during pregnancy.
Let’s answer the most common medication questions for pregnant mothers.
Different medications have different effects on the fetus
Sheng Chaohui introduced that after the binding of eggs and sperm, the fertilized eggs were moved to the uterus in about 6-7 days after the tubal binding. This time is generally no effect on the embryo.14 days after the fertilized eggs, the embryo has not been differentiated. At this time, the medicine was taken, or it would have a natural abortion or no effect.However, from the last 28 days of menstruation to 3 months of pregnancy, the central nervous, heart, eyes, limbs and other important organs of the fetus have begun to form during this time.But these important organs.In general, the impact of drugs on the fetus is roughly divided into 3 phases, that is, the unsightly period: within 2 weeks after pregnancy (the 14th-28 days of the last menstruation);5-10 weeks); Low sensitivity period: 9-38 weeks after pregnancy (11-40 weeks of the last menstruation).
Drug grade determines the degree of impact on the fetus
The US Pharmaceutical Food Safety Administration divides the safety of western medicine during pregnancy. The safety of drugs in pregnancy is divided into five levels: A, B, C, D, and X. Among them, X -level drugs have obvious terators.Disable.In addition to checking the graded directory, you also need to read the drug manual. If [Drug for pregnant women and breastfeeding women] in the instructions marked "disable", it shows that the drug has a clear impact on the fetus.
These common diseases are obviously toxic and teratogenic, and should be resolutely eliminated when preparing for pregnancy.
The first type of antiviral drugs: Libavirin (also known as virusole), which is used to treat normal colds, viral pneumonia or bronchitis.Libaweilin has a strong reproductive toxicity. After medication, it is extremely slow in the body. Pregnant women are disabled, and pregnant men and women who prepare for pregnancy must not be exposed to 6 months before pregnancy.
The second type of antibacterial drugs: metronidazole, tinidazole, and common medication for gingivitis. Among them, tinidazole cannot be taken 3 months before pregnancy, and the drug will affect the development of the fetus’s nervous system.
The third type of alien A acid acne removal agent: different vitamin A acid gum pills (also known as different vitamin acid), externally used vitamin A acid and different vitamin A acid, used to treat acne.It can cause natural abortion or congenital defects of the fetus. The dose of oral medication is enough to cause fetal malformations. Therefore, you cannot get pregnant within 3 months after oral medication, and you need to stop the medicine for 1 month to consider pregnancy.
The fourth category of sedative hypnotic pills (commonly known as sleeping pills): West Western (also known as staple), Aiszoleron (also known as Schuslanda), Tamaolun.For X -level drugs, drugs can enter the placenta. Early pregnancy can increase fetal malformation risk.
The fifth type of vascular tensional converter enzyme inhibitors: such as Katapley, Eunali, etc., affects the development of the fetus and may cause fetal death.
The sixth category of lipida reduction drugs: Putgastin, Xinzanda, Atropine, Ru Shuzhang Batin, etc.For X -level drugs, fetal dysplasia may be caused.
Although the medication needs to be cautious during pregnancy, when the disease is coming, the pregnant mother must be reasonably used under the guidance and monitoring of a specialist and obstetrician."Nental" is more likely to lead to severe pregnancy complications. Instead, the medication is more and more difficult to treat, which affects the growth and development of the baby in the belly.
How to use medicine during pregnancy is the safest?
Whether the medication is safe during pregnancy requires analysis of fetal age
Whether the use of drugs during pregnancy should be discussed in accordance with specific circumstances. Pregnancy and pregnancy during pregnancy and pregnancy can not use the drug at all. There is no scientific basis.
Women’s pregnancy period is divided into 4 periods. Generally speaking, the medication time occurs within 1-2 weeks of pregnancy, which is called a safe period; 5 weeks of pregnancy is called a high-sensitivity period. At this time, the impact of embryos on drugs is the most sensitive;8-5 months of pregnancy is called the mid-sensitivity period. At this time, it is a period of further maturity of various organs of the fetus. It is more sensitive to the toxic and side effects of drugs, but most of them do not cause natural abortion, and the degree of teratogenic is difficult to predict; pregnancy is difficult to predict.For more than 5 months, it is called a low -sensitivity period. At this time, the organs of the fetus have basically developed, and the sensitivity to the drug is low. It is not easy to cause obvious malformations after medication, but there may be abnormal development or limited damage.
Whether the embryo deformity is related to the age of the fetus during the medication, it depends on the pregnancy period classification of the drug, the dosage of the drug, and the method of administration of the drug, and the individual difference between pregnant women and the sensuality of the drug.
The principle of medication during pregnancy is "reasonable" is the key
First, under the guidance of a doctor, it must be used without a clear indication.Especially those non -prescription drugs that can be purchased directly in the pharmacy, it is recommended to get the doctor’s guidance before purchasing the medicine.Second, try to choose a single medicine, take the minimum dose, and choose a drug with a positive effect. For new drugs, because there is no sufficient clinical data, it is difficult to determine whether there is a adverse effect on the fetus.Third, strictly abide by the doctor’s order, master the duration of medication, and stop the drug in time.
If the expectant mothers and even the prospective dad accidentally use the drug, when they are worried that when the fetus may have an impact and hesitant, it is recommended that they must go to the hospital to find a specialist, especially the fetal medical expert.At the same time, in order to ensure a good consultation effect, please provide the following detailed records for doctors: the time of the first day of the last menstrual period, the name of the specific medication, the continuous starting date and the dose of the medication, and the amount of dosage.Doctors will analyze the age of fetal age, pregnancy period, dosage of drugs, and administration methods of medication during the medication.In short, whether the medication of pregnant women will affect the fetus and how to weigh the advantages and disadvantages to choose drugs to ensure the health of pregnant mothers and fetuses.