Before marriage, go to a marriage check, but many couples immersed in joy have no consciousness!
You know, once, marriage inspection is necessary!
The "Regulations on Marriage Registration Management" implemented on February 1, 1994 and the "Maternal and Child Health Care Law" implemented on June 1, 1995 stipulated that the parties applying for marriage registration should submit a pre -marital health check certificate when registering.
At that time, the national policy of family planning was strictly implemented, and the goal of eugenics and eugenics was also the top priority.The wedding examination items include the first line of defense that affects the factors that affect marriage and fertility in time for severe genetic diseases, specified infectious diseases, and related mental illness, and can timely discover the factors that affect marriage and fertility, and become the first line of defense to prevent and reduce the birth defects of newborns. Forcing the wedding examination has its positive significance.
On August 8, 2003, the new version of the "Marriage Registration Regulations" was implemented, and the mandatory marriage inspection system has since withdrew from the historical stage.
Therefore, the current couples have to say "go to individual inspection" before getting married. It is estimated that some people think that "this is not a disgusting person?" I think the other party does not believe in their performance …
As a result, many people do not have a sense of marriage inspection now!
In 2003, my country turned the "mandatory marriage inspection" into a "voluntary marriage inspection".However, with the sudden decline in marriage inspection rate, the situation occurred that the birth defects of newborn, the health of the spouse, and the right to know the right to know.
01. Increase defects
According to the "China Birth Defective Report (2012)" issued by the Ministry of Health of the original State National Health in 2012, there are currently about 900,000 newly added defects in China each year. Since 2003, the birth defect rate of newborn has doubled in 10 years.Essence
In the composition ratio of infant death, birth defects have risen from the fourth place in 2004 to the second place in 2012, accounting for 19.1%of the cause of death.
The "National Disability Prevention Action Plan (2016-2020)" issued by the General Office of the State Council clearly proposes that it is necessary to actively promote pre -marital medical examinations, implement pre -pregnancy health examinations, and do a good job of prenatal screening and diagnosis.
The marriage check is also known as the first level of prevention and treatment of birth defects.However, the significant decline in the marriage check rate has lost the first level.
The relationship between the national marriage check rate and the total incidence of birth defects.(Triven "Research on the Influential Factors of Volunteer Pre -Marriage Medical Examination" Gu Yaming)
02. Concealing disease
It is also possible that some people know that they have a disease and are worried that the other half is to know that there is some scruples, so they intentionally avoid marriage inspections.For example, syphilis, although the detection rate in the wedding examination has decreased, the incidence of syphilis during pregnancy has increased significantly during the same period.This situation will affect itself and spouse, and it will also seriously endanger the health of the next generation.
According to the Chutian Metropolis Daily, a couple in Wuhan neither had a marriage examination nor did the pre -pregnancy medical examination. As a result, the child who was about to be full of the full moon was found infected with syphilis.
Similarly, Zhang Beichuan, a member of the former HIV Expert Committee of the Ministry of Health and a member of the Chinese Society, said in an interview with a reporter from the Chinese Youth Daily on January 15, 2016: The marriage between the two parties did not have a marriage inspection before marriage, and one in the other party concealed that they suffered from sufferingThe fact that AIDS’s condition is not uncommon, which has caused the situation that it is transmitted to the other party after marriage.
03. Parents infect their children infection
Lack of marriage examination, if you accidentally get pregnant, you may also transmit some infectious diseases to the next generation, such as hepatitis B virus!
According to Qingdao Daily, in 2004, Mr. Hou and his wife Ms. Zhang were found to be positive (that is, hepatitis B) when he was seek medical treatment.Immediately, the son of the full moon was also diagnosed with hepatitis B virus carriers.
Mr. Hou regretted that because his body was always good, he did not have a marriage check when he got married.
Xing Lin, director of the Pediatric Department of the Eighth People’s Hospital of Qingdao City, said that when Ms. Zhang was born, she passed hepatitis B virus to her son through the placental umbilical cord blood.If the couple have done a marriage check, then after 20 weeks of pregnancy, they will give Ms. Zhang once a week to play hepatitis B immunoglobulin, and for three weeks, the fetus can basically avoid infection, but the wood has become a boat, but it can only be regrettable!
04. Parents of high -risk career are risky
Zhang Guangchao at the Department of Children’s Cancer Department of Tianjin Cancer Hospital stated on January 27, 2011 that some children’s tumors were related to the occupation of their parents, especially engaged in the paint, rubber, and plastic processing.Make children also have the opportunity to come into contact with such carcinogens and buried the hidden dangers of cancer.
In addition, common tumors such as kidney maternal cytoma and retinomyllatoma are related to heredity.
Therefore, parents engaged in special occupations should be far away from the harmful environment if they want their children, and they must conduct a marriage inspection and pregnancy check. Especially the marriage examination is different from the pregnancy test. The hidden diseases such as genetic diseases and genetic defects of the husband and wife can be.It was discovered that avoiding it to the child can be found early through inspections, and treatment measures were taken early.
Some young people say that every year work units will conduct timing physical examinations, so there is nothing wrong with their bodies, and there is no need to check again before getting married. Instead, this is more.
In fact, marriage examinations are not the same as ordinary medical examinations.
Liao Qinping, director of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Peking University, pointed out in an interview with a Health Times reporter on September 17, 2012 that when mentioning the importance of the marriage inspection, the marriage examination is emphasizingSexual diseases (such as tumors, etc.) to ensure health.
01. Infectious disease examination
Such as detecting hepatitis B, syphilis, AIDS, etc.The general blood test is only a routine to check the blood. If you can’t find out these diseases, you must do it separately.
02. Reproductive organs
Check whether there are abnormalities and diseases, you can find no fertility or need to suspend fertility.
03. Setting of genetic diseases
For example, thalassemia detection and G6PD deficiency (broad bean disease) testing is mainly to ensure the health of the baby.Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Chongqing, and Hainan are the high -incidence areas in the prefecture, and you should pay special attention.
04. History of medical history
Understand the blood relationship between the two sides, and the history of the past.For example, have you ever had mental illness, infectious diseases, genetic diseases, congenital defects, etc.
Ge Junbo, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and a professor at Zhongshan Hospital affiliated to Fudan University, submitted relevant proposals during the two sessions in 2015 that he should consider establishing a marriage inspection mechanism of "a combination of voluntary and compulsory and free of charge".It should be clear which indicators or projects are included in the mandatory project of marriage inspection and which are selected.
Similarly, let each pair of marriage men and women fully understand the marriage inspection, so that the marriage check becomes a concept, a consciousness, and a habit of the prospective newcomer to enter the marriage hall. This is not only an essential element for forming a happy familyIt is also an important step for future family harmony and social stability.
The newlywed couple consciously accepts the marriage inspection, which is both responsible for their own health, also responsible for the health of families and the next generation, and also responsible for society.
Marriage inspection, different and physical examination
Newly -married couples don’t refuse
Editor in this article: Wang Nan
Review Director: Yang Xiaoming