In clinical work, many patients often encounter discomfort symptoms such as upper abdomen fullness, heart burning, and vomiting of water, which affects normal living standards. I do n’t know what the cause is. Today I will tell you that gastroesophageal reflux disease may have!
What is gastroesophageal reflux disease?
It means that the stomach content is poured into the pharynx or oral cavity when the stomach acid is not disgusting and unable to force it; acid reflux and heart burning are typical symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux, often about 1 to 2 hours after meals.Burning heart refers to burning pain in the throat to the sword.Especially when lying, bending down, or increased abdominal pressure can be worse, some patients may even happen when they fall asleep at night, which often affects the quality of life of patients.
What are the causes of gastroesophageal reflux disease?
Under normal physiological situation: After the food is swallowed, it is sent to the lower end of the esophagus. At this time, the sub -sphincter of the lower end of the esophagus will relax, so the food enters the stomach smoothly; after the food enters the stomach, the sub -sphincter of the esophagus will restore its tension again, and strictly put it strictly.At the entrance, prevent food in the stomach from flowing back from the entrance.
When the esophageal sphincter that is responsible for the "gatekeeper" is relaxed for some reason, it is accompanied by or not accompanied by increased internal pressure in the stomach (delayed stomach empty, overeating, etc.), increased abdominal pressure), Cause reflux symptoms; if the esophageal mucosa is eroded by strong acid gastric juice entered by reflux, damage is damaged, which will cause "heartburn" or sternum pain symptoms.Gastrointestinal mucosal damage may also cause gastroesophageal reflux.
After suffering from gastroesophageal reflux, systemic drug treatment should be performed under the guidance of a doctor.According to the patient’s symptoms, the H2 receptor or proton pump inhibitor is selected."H2 receptor antagonist" is suitable for patients with milder symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux."Proton pump inhibitors" are suitable for patients with gastroesophageal reflux patients with heavy symptoms.To promote gastrointestinal dynamic drugs or gastric mucosal protective agents, the purpose is to improve the functional movement function of the esophagus, accelerate gastric emptying, prevent damage to the esophagus mucosa, and apply to patients with gastroesophageal reflux.
Except for the treatment of drugs, changing poor living habits also helps to relieve the condition.Mainly focus on the following convenient adjustment:
1. Avoid lying down or exercise or work immediately after meals;
2. It is not advisable to eat 2-3 hours before going to bed. When you bed, you should raise 15-30 ° at the head of the bed to reduce stomach acid reflux during sleep;
3. Avoid high abdominal pressure, such as constipation, obesity, and tight pants;
Fourth, taboo tobacco, tea, coffee, hot and sour food;
Fifth, psychological factors are very important. It is necessary to regulate psychological balance and emotional management to avoid joy and anger, and usually look at life.
The reflux of the gastrointestinal canal needs to be treated with daily prevention and standardization in order to recover soon.
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